SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR

SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR
SCHALLY, ANDREW VICTOR (1926– ), medical research worker and Nobel laureate. Schally was born in Wilno, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania), and became a U.S. citizen in 1962. At the outset of World War II, his father, a professional soldier, left his family to fight with the Allied forces. Schally survived the war in Romania and immigrated to the U.K. in 1945. He was educated at Bridge of Allan School in Scotland and received his B.Sc. in chemistry from London University. After a period at the Medical Research Council's National Institute for Medical Research at Mill Hill, London (1950–52), he moved to Canada where he gained his Ph.D. in chemistry at McGill University under the supervision of Dr. M. Saffran (1952–57). He joined the department of physiology at Baylor University College of Medicine in Houston, Texas (1957–62). In 1962 he moved for the rest of his career to New Orleans as chief of the Endocrine and Polypeptide Laboratories at the Veterans Administration Hospital, where he became a senior medical investigator (1973), and a member of the faculty of medicine at Tulane University, where he became professor of medicine in 1967. Schally's interest in medical research in general began at Mill Hill, and in endocrinology at McGill. He was early convinced that the hypothalamus in the brain produces hormones which regulate the pituitary gland, and hence the production of hormones by the thyroid and adrenal glands, and also the hormones which control growth and reproductive capacity. His initially controversial ideas were vindicated by a long and laborious series of experiments necessary to isolate sufficient material with which to characterize hormones produced by the hypothalamus and to demonstrate their actions. His research established the central role of the brain in controlling the endocrine system through the pituitary gland. It has immense implications for devising new strategies for birth control and suppressing hormone-dependent cancers. Indeed he has been consistently motivated to find clinical applications for his discoveries. In later work he was especially interested in developing novel antitumor peptides. Schally worked with close colleagues for most of his career in New Orleans and collaborated with many scientists and clinicians worldwide, and especially with clinical endocrinologists in the U.K. By 2005 he was an author of 2,200 papers, and he continued to be scientifically productive. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine jointly with Roger Guillemin and rosalyn yalow (1977). His many other honors include membership of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, the Gairdner Award (1974), and the Lasker Award in Basic Medical Science (1975). He married Dr. Ana Maria de Medeiros-Comaru (1976), a distinguished Brazilian endocrinologist and his collaborator before her death (2004). Schally had a lifelong passion for soccer and as a young man contemplated a career in this sport. (Michael Denman (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Schally , Andrew Victor — (1926–) Polish–American physiologist Schally, who was born at Wilno in Poland, left his native country for Britain in 1939. After graduating from the University of London, he worked at the National Institute for Medical Research from 1949 until… …   Scientists

  • Andrew Victor Schally — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Andrew Victor Schally Andrew Victor Schally nació en Wino, Polonia en 1926. Con la ocupación nazi emigra al Reino Unido. Estudió en las Universidades de Edimburgo y Londres …   Wikipedia Español

  • Andrew Victor Schally — (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schally, Andrew V. — ▪ American endocrinologist in full  Andrew Victor Schally  born November 30, 1926, Wilno, Poland [now Vilnius, Lithuania]       Polish born American endocrinologist and corecipient, with Roger Guillemin (Guillemin, Roger Charles Louis) and… …   Universalium

  • Andrew Victor Schally — Andrzej Wiktor Schally Andrzej W. Schally Naissance 20 novembre 1926 Vilnius (Pologne) Nationalité américaine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Schally — Andrew Victor …   Scientists

  • Andrew Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andrew V. Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schally — Andrew Victor Schally (polnisch Andrzej Wiktor Schally; * 30. November 1926 in Vilnius (Wilna), damals Polen, heute Litauen) ist ein polnisch amerikanischer Physiologe. Schally, Sohn des polnischen Generals Kazimierz Schally (1895–1967), lieferte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1977: Roger Guillemin — Andrew Victor Schally — Rosalyn Sussman Yalow —   Die drei amerikanischen Wissenschaftler wurden für die Erforschung der Peptidhormonproduktion im Gehirn ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Roger Guillemin, * Dijon (Frankreich) 11. 1. 1924; 1943 49 Medizinstudium in Lyon, ab 1957 Professor in… …   Universal-Lexikon

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